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Ways of cooking
(There are a few words in French, but I think that you can understand them with the photos)
|to bake|| to cook in an oven without extra fat, especially bread, cakes, pastries.|
|to roast|| to cook, especially meat, in an oven or over a fire.|
|to roast coffee beans|
|to boil|| to cook in boiling water (100 °C)|
To cook pasta put them in boiling water and stir. If you don't stir
to stir to stick
to cook food in hot oil, or fat
To cook chips (French fries US) you use a deep fryer.
You fry a steak in a frying-pan.
|to steam||to cook food by heating it in the steam from boiling water|
The most healthy way to prepare vegetables is to steam them.
To steam vegetables you can use a steaming basket over boiling water.
|To simmer|| to cook something slowly in hot liquid kept at or just below |
the boiling point.(85 °C / 95 ° C)
| to make tea pour simmering water over the tealeaves. |
|to poach|| to cook an item by submerging it in a liquid that is just |
bareley simmering.(75 °C / 85 °C)
The easiest way to prepare delicious salmon steaks or fillets is to poach
to season dill
|to whisk||to stir-fry||to flip over|
|How to cook an egg ?|
According to the legend the 100 folds of the chef's hat (toque) are said to represent
I don't know if there are really 100 different ways to cook an egg
An egg contains a yolk and a white enclosed in a shell.
| A hard-boiled egg || A soft-boiled egg in an |
|A poached egg ||A scrambled egg |
| Cook for 10 minutes|
in boiling water.
| Cook for 3 minutes |
in boiling water.
| Crack an egg and cook for|
3-5 min. in water at about 80 °C
| Fry a whisked egg in a pan.|
Stir while it is cooking.
| A sunny-side up egg || An over-easy egg || An over-hard egg || A shirred egg (or baked egg) |
| Fry in a pan with yolk left runny. |
(le jaune reste liquide)
|Flip the egg over and fry the |
other side for a few seconds.
| Flip the egg over and fry the |
second side until the yolk is solid.
| Bake the egg into a greased ramekin|
until the yolk begins to thicken.
|How to poach an egg.|
1. Bring a pan of water to the boil
2. Turn the heat down. Crack each egg
3. Gently immerse the bowl as you tilt
4. Turn heat back up and poach
5. Use a slotted spoon to remove the
* dash = small amount (un filet)
The eggs must be fresh. The fresher they are, the better they will poach. Take the eggs out of the fridge for at least 20 min.
In the recipe above the water is boiling. It's better to bring the water to a simmer and then to cool it down a little (80 °C)
|To poach an egg you can use an egg ring|
|egg ring||Put the ring into the pan.||Pour the egg into the ring.|
Exercise: Choose the right words.
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