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Early in 1066, Edward the Confessor, King of England died. He had no son to take over the
Edward the Confessor (1004-1066)
Harold, Earl of Wessex, Edward's brother-in-law, was immediately crowned king.
King Harold (1022-1066)
But Harold had sworn allegiance to William and had recognized him as the future king.
Harold's Oath of Fealty to William of Normandy (1064)
Bishop Odo of Bayeux advised William to build a fleet and embark for England
Odo of Bayeux, William's half-brother.
| William landed in England on 28 September 1066, at Pevensey near Hastings. He established |
a camp. Soon after, Harold and his army arrived.
The Battle of Hastings occured on 14 October 1066. It lasted most of the day. Harold was killed
On Christmas Day 1066, William was crowned king in Westminster Abbey.
Coronation of William the Conqueror
|The Bayeux Tapestry|
The Bayeux Tapestry is neither a tapestry nor a woven cloth.
It is a long embroidered cloth (50 cm x 70 m)
It tells the story of the Norman conquest of England
The tapestry may have been commissioned by Bishop Odo and was
Decorative borders along the top and bottom portray scenes from fables, farming, hunting and mythological figures such as lions and dragons.
Bishop Odo went with William on the expedition. He is shown blessing the food and drink. (2:15)
They built a Motte and Bailey castle (2:19)
A 'motte' is a hudge mound of earth with a keep or tower on the top.
A 'bailey' is like a little village at the bottom of the motte where men, provisions and horses
The Norman Knights had horses unlike the English who were on foot. (3:16)
Harold is crowned king despite his oath to William.
| A Motte and Bailey castle is built for defense.|
A house is burnt down to make way for the Norman army.
William prepares for battle.
The Norman army advances.
The Normans outflank the Saxons.
Lewine, brother of Harold, is slain.
Both Saxons and Normans fall in the raging battle.
William rallies his troops for a final charge.
King Harold is killed in the battle.
The Normans are victorious.
| Harold's and William's armies met on Senlac Hill, |
10 km from Hastings.
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