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Scotland and culture
New Year in Scotland
Scotland is part of Great Britain (Great Britain = England + Wales + Scotland)
Scotland has some 790 islands - 130 inhabited
Capital City: Edinburgh
Highest Point: Ben Nevis
Floral Emblem: The Thistle
National Day: St Andrew's Day (30th November)
National Animal: The Unicorn
|The Official Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom|
| On the left the shield is supported |
by the English Lion.
| On the right it is supported |
by the Unicorn of Scotland.
| In 1296, Scotland was under the domination of Edward I King of England |
William Wallace (Braveheart) (1272 - 1305)
Wallace is a national hero.
Taken prisoner, he was executed in London in a barbarous manner.
The Battle of Stirling Bridge
Robert Bruce (1274 - 1329)
He was crowned King in 1306. In 1307 he began a campaign to drive
The Battle of Bannockburn in 1314 was an especially important
In 1328, a treaty recognized the independence of Scotland.
James VI (1566 - 1625)
He became King of Scotland at the age of thirteen months.
In 1605, he escaped the Gunpowder Plot organized by a group of Catholics.
However the kingdoms of England and Scotland were individual sovereign states.
They wanted to blow up the House of Lords.
(used until 1801 when the UK was created)
During the following years, England and Scotland had one monarch but two parliaments
In 1707, the Act of Union was signed, the Scottish parliament was dissolved.
The red cross of St. George, combined with the blue background of the
Alexander Graham Bell
|Robert Burns |
(1759 - 1796)
Arthur Conan Doyle
|Inventor of the telephone .||Poet |
(Auld Lang Syne)
|Actor, best known as |
creator of the detective
| Walter Scott |
(1771 - 1832)
Robert Louis Stevenson
James Clerk Maxwell
| Writer and poet |
| Author |
| Biologist |
|Mathematician and Physicist|
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