Click here to go back to the homepage to learn English...Add a new lesson / test / 1 lesson per week
Log in!

Click here to log in
New account
4 million accounts created!
JOIN our free club and learn English now!



  • Home
  • Print
  • Guestbook
  • Report a bug




  • GREAT!
    Get a free English lesson every week! Thousands of subscribers!
    Click here!






    Ads:







    Partners:
    - Our other sites
       


    The lesson of the newsletter: only for subscribers

    THE PAST

    PAST SIMPLE (PRETERITE)

    PRETERITE: BE + -ING

    MAIN USE
    past action (dated and definite)

    SYNTAX
    Affirmative
    -> Regular verbs: verb + -ED
    e.g. Yesterday, I played football.

    -> Irregular verbs: there is no easy rule; you must learn them by heart
    e.g. In 1998, I went to Australia.

    Interrogative & negative: use DID
    e.g. -> Did you go to Australia?
    -> Yes, I did. No, I didn't (go to Australia).

    MAIN USE
    action in the past, which was being done, when another short action interrupted it

    SYNTAX
    Affirmative
    auxiliary BE in the past (WAS/WERE) + verb + -ING
    e.g. I was taking a shower when the phone rang.

    Interrogative & negative: inversion
    e.g. Were you listening to the radio when he arrived?
    -> Yes, I was. / No, I wasn't (listening to the radio).


    PRESENT PERFECT

    PLUPERFECT

    MAIN USES
    a) Actions which began in the past and are still in progress.
    b
    ) Past actions with results/consequences in the present.

    SYNTAX
    Affirmative
    auxiliary HAVE (HAS with he/she/it) + past participle
    e.g. a) I have lived in Paris since 1992.
    b) Sarah has eaten all the cakes. (There is no cake left).

    Interrogative & negative: inversion
    e.g. Have you broken by vase?
    -> Yes, I have. / No, I haven't (broken the vase).

    MAIN USE
    Action which was done before another action (in the past).

    SYNTAX
    Affirmative
    auxiliary HAD + past participle
    e.g. Peter went to Sydney in 2002. I had been there two years before.

    Interrogative & negative: inversion
    e.g. Had you bought a car?
    -> Yes, I had. / No, I hadn't (bought a car).

     

    TEST : Fill in the gaps with the verbs. Choose the correct tense.

    a) - Peter, what _____________________ (do) yesterday?
    - I _____________________ (play) football with Mike.

    b) John's father _____________________ (be) very unhappy: when he _____________________ (get) back home, he _____________________ (find) that thieves _____________________ (break) into his flat.

    c) Mum, Sarah _____________________ (break) my TV! I _____________________ (watch) it when she _____________________ (come) into my room and _____________________ (break) it! I can't watch the football match! Do something!

     

    ANSWERS

    a) - Peter, what did you do yesterday? (preterite)
    - I played football with Mike. (preterite)

    b) John's father was (preterite) very unhappy: when he got (preterite) back home, he found (preterite) that thieves had broken (pluperfect) into his flat.


    c) Mum, Sarah has broken (present perfect) my TV! I was watching (preterite: BE + -ING) it when she came (preterite) into my room and broke (preterite) it! I can't watch the football match! Do something!

     



    Share : Facebook / Google+ / Twitter / ...