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|> Similar tests: - Adjectives-ing and ed - Infinitive clause - FOR and its use - Gerund - Infinitive phrase - Infinitive in sentences - Look forward to/be used to - TO + verb base or TO + V + ing|
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V- ing or infinitive
- ING or INFINITIVE?
I've chosen to work again on this point which is always a problem for learners. More particularly, we are going to study a few verbs which are engaged in a 'double dealing' : they are sometimes followed by a verb built with an - ing form, or sometimes by one in the full infinitive.
1) TO REMEMBER .... and TO FORGET :
A) To remember + - ing = to keep in mind what was done ; to forget + - ing = to lose memory of what was done ;
ex : I remember meeting him at a concert, and I'll never forget hearing him play the violin.
B) To remember + infinitive = to keep in mind what is going to happen ; to forget + infinitive.= to lose memory of what you should do in the future. The two forms can be combined :
ex : I remembered to buy the bread when the baker's was already closed, and I forgot to go to the baker's which was still open !
2) TO STOP :
A) To stop + - ing ; the end of the action is described.
ex : I stopped smoking when I understood that it was dangerous.
B) To stop + infinitive ; The sentence containing the infinitive expresses an 'aim', a purpose ; it means (= in order to ask ) ; therefore, an action is going to start.
ex : As he was lost, he stopped to ask his way ...
C) The two constructions can be combined :
ex : He stopped working at his report to answer a phone call ...
3) TO MEET : to encounter ;
ex 1 : Nice to meet you ! = at the beginning of the conversation
ex 2 : Nice meeting you ! = at the end of the conversation
4) TO TELL : to communicate, .
A) To tell + - ing = is turned towards the past.
ex : I hate telling lies, I will tell the truth.
B) To tell + infinitive : turned towards the future. Announces what is going to be said.
ex : He'll tell you to go away, but you may stay if you want !
Well well ! Now, you're ready for the test !
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