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Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #107529: Direct and Indirect Interrogative forms ...
Direct and Indirect Interrogative forms ...
I) REMINDER : DIRECT INTERROGATIVE FORM:
1) In order to build the interrogative form of a claused using: - an auxiliary verb (be, have)
- a modal auxiliary (can/could, may/might, must, should, shall, will)
The verb must be placed before the subject. It's a simple 'verb-subject inversion' : BE/HAVE + subject + complements ?
ex : Were you happy with him and are you happy now?
ex : Should I bring my own bicycle or will you lend me one?
ex : Has he got a green car or a blue one ?
2) For the other verbs in the present or in the preterite, the auxiliary do/did must be used:
DO/DOES/DID + subject + verb ?
ex : Did you come by bus or by car?
ex : Does your brother prefer meat, or fish ?
ex : Where do you live when your parents are away ?
'Have' may be considered a normal verb ; in that case, it will need ‘DO/DOES/DID' as an auxiliary.
ex : Did he have his ID when he was arrested ? Of course he did!
B) INDIRECT INTERROGATIVE FORM:
Used after a verb like 'to ask', 'to wonder' (to ask oneself), to know, when you ask yourself a question or when you report someone else's,
you MUST use the indirect interrogative form.
The second clause is introduced by an interrogative word (who, when, where, what, how, whether, ...) and THE VERB-SUBJECT INVERSION MUSTN'T BE DONE.
I wonder + interrogative term + subject + verb => I wonder where he lives.
ex : I wonder where all the kids have gone ...
ex : He doesn't know where they will get off the bus. Don't forget to tell him!
You MUST be very careful ... This is a very frequent mistake...
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