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I'd better... I'd rather...
1) YOU'D BETTER = "You would be better off doing this' : this expression is a warning (sometimes implying a threat). It's used to give advice and orders, including to the person who's speaking!
The full expression is= I HAD better ; the form is that of a past, yet, the meaning is in the present or future.
The expression must be followed by an infinitive without TO.
ex: You'd better hurry, or you'll be late.
Used in the negative form, you must be very careful to the word order ! = You'd better NOT do
ex: He'd better not come to that party. If he does, I'll go away.
2) I ' D RATHER ....
A) I'd rather = I would prefer... expresses a choice, a preference.
The full expression is = I WOULD rather + infinitive without TO.
The auxiliary has, of course, consequences when you want to form a question tag:
ex: I'm sure you'd rather drink water than tea, just now, wouldn't you?
ex: Would you rather play cards or watch TV? I'd rather have a rest doing nothing.
Notice that if the choice is given between several things or possibilities, 'than' is then used. (It's a former comparative form.)
B) I'd rather + subject of a verb in the modal preterite: this preterite indicates that the action isn't real: it's simply a choice which is expressed, a preference and is often a warning,or even a threat to the subject of the verb.
ex: You don't have to come tonight ! I'd rather you came tomorrow...
There you are! You know everything!
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