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Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #110345: Imperative mode and its tags.
Imperative mode and its tags.
THE IMPERATIVE MODE is used to give orders, in the affirmative form : Come here! ; Eat your soup!
- or the negative form, interdictions : Don't speak so loud! ; Don't answer back!
In French, the imperative has only 3 forms (1st person plural, 2nd person singular and plural), whereas in English, adding LET, it can be used in the 3rd persons and with different nuances:
- invitation : Let her come to my party! I'll be delighted...
- public notice : Keep off the grass.
- order : Listen when someone is speaking!
- instructions : Open your books on page 6, and do exercise 3!
- suggestion : Don't worry!
- direction,orientation : Go straight on and then turn left.
- warning : Don't play with that big dog...
- request : Please, pass me the salt...
1) The imperative is simply built with the base verb :
- Open the window, please.
In the negative form, DON'T is added:
- Don't look on your neighbour's test!
2) The imperative can be used in the emphatic form ( insistence) adding DO (which is stressed):
- Do come as soon as possible!
* Always and never must be placed before the verb in the imperative:
- Never answer this question.
3) LET'S = Let us = 1st person plural= a suggestion.
- Let's go to the cinema at 2 o'clock.
: in order to soften orders, make them more polite, the question tag following an imperative must be put in the INTERROGATIVE FUTURE .
- Let's wash up immediately, shall we?
- Write your answer now, will you?
* In the negative form = let's not ... but in the colloquial style familier don't let's is frequently used...
- Let's not leave home so early... = Don't let's leave home so early...
Well well ! here you are... ready for the test !
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