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Do: Insistence - Contradiction - Confirmation
DO : insistence? disagreement? confirmation?
You all know the different forms of the auxiliary DO/DOES/DID used to build interrogative and negative clauses. Now, we are going to study DO/DOES/DID, when they're used in AFFIRMATIVE CLAUSES.
1. DO, the auxiliary, is used to express insistence: it's the emphatic form.
- Do keep quiet, or get out!
- He does get on my nerves at times!
- You did explain correctly, didn't you?
You will notice that the auxiliary DO, helping the Subject and Verb, follows the imperatives of the person ( does= 3 rd person singular) and the tense (Did= preterite).
2. It's also used in order to express a contrast, a disagreement.
- You said I hadn't given an answer, but I did send a text to say I was sick!
3. and also to confirm that what had been planned has happened.
- You were right! He does speak very good English!
4. DO is also used in short answers: the auxiliary thus avoids the repetition of the verb.
- Do you know who arrived first? Peter did! ( = Paul arrived first.)
In the following exercise, your task will be double: first, you'll have to put the right form of DO and then give the "values" of these expressions.
The FORCE is with you !
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