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In/ into - On/ onto
1) IN ; ON.
· IN , refers to a position inside something, when places haven't changed, for instance after such verbs as to be and to stay.
- He was in the living room when I arrived.
· ON, also refers to the position of a motionless object.
- The kitten is on the roof. I wonder how it got there.
2) INTO = movement towards the inside of something; ONTO = on after a movement; the two prepositions follow and indicate a movement or a direction.
- He threw the book onto his desk and left.
- She tiptoed into the baby's room taking care not to wake it up.
BEWARE : when prepositions are combined with the verb to turn:
- 1) combined with « in »=> to turn someone in = to denounce someone to somebody
- He was so exhausted and helpless that he turned himself in to the police.
- 2) combined with “into”=> to turn something/someone into something/someone= to transform into something else.
- Would you please turn this paragraph into a dialogue?
BEWARE : In colloquial language, to be into something= to be very interested in something.
- He's been into collecting stamps since his father gave him his first precious one.
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