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Eyes, and sight give a lot of vocabulary and have an important part in our daily conversation.
1) The anatomy of the human eye:
|Eyebrows|| Fringes of hair above the eyes |
|Eyelashes||Hair on the edges of the eyes|
| The upper eyelid= top lid ||The upper cover of the eyes|
| The lower eyelid= bottom lid || The lower cover of eyeballs|
| The iris/ the eyeballs|| The coloured eyeballs |
|The pupil||The centre of the eyeball|
|Sclera|| The white part of eyes|
|Lacrimal glands|| They secrete tears|
2) Eyes, sight: basic vocabury:
To be crossed-eyed
|To be one-eyed|
To be long-sighted
|To be short-sighted|
|To be blind (visually impaired/challenged)||To play blind man's buff|
3) What can my eyes do?
|To look at something||To blink|
|To cry=> tears||A black eye|
4) The different ways to look:
|To look up||To look up to= to respect, admire|
|To look down||Look down on= to despise|
|To gape= stare in wonder||To gaze= look steadily, intently|
|To glance= look quickly, briefly||To glare = to stare angrily|
|To glimpse= look briefly|
Look with eyes partly closed
|To peep= through a small opening||To peer= make an effort to see clearly|
|To stare= to look fixedly||To look at a view = to admire a view|
5) More vocabulary...
| To shut an eye || = to sleep|| The eye of a needle|| = the hole to thread a needle |
| To lose your sight || = to become blind, gradually || A hook and eye|| = a clothes fastener |
| To catch sight of|| = to see very briefly|| The eye of a tornado || = the centre of a huge storm|
| To see sights|| = to visit monuments || A bull's eye|| = the centre of a target|
|To keep an eye on||= look after someone|| A red-eye flight *||= a late night plane|
* A red-eye flight is any flight departing late at night and arriving early the next morning.( + the time difference!) The term red-eye comes from the fatigue symptom of having red eyes because of a lack of sleep.
6) ... and a few expressions...
A few idioms mention both people's eyes and sight!
- He did it in the twinkling of an eye = To do something very quickly.
- She was so pretty that all eyes were on her! = Everyone was looking at her...
- You're the apple of my eye! =You're very dear, precious to me!
- We have a bird's eye view! = A panoramic view, seen from far above.
- An eye for an eye ! = Some sort of revenge or retribution...
- Out of sight, out of mind! = Far from someone, you easily forget...
That was a very long lesson, but quite an easy one, after all! You just have to learn a little... You must be ready for the test... Go for it! I'm sure you'll do very well !
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