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Vocabulary: hearing, listening
Our ears enable us to perceive noises, sounds, music, all the noises that can be heard (to hear, I heard, heard), without making any particular effort [= involuntary perception]... and those that you're making an effort to listen to (to listen to) [ = voluntary perception ] and teachers hope that you pay great attention to what they're saying! I'm sure you are!
1) Can you hear, or not?...
| || |
| TO HEAR= involuntary perception|
TO LISTEN TO
= requiring an effort
| To be all ears= to listen carefully|
To stop your ears
= to refuse to hear and listen
| To keep quiet= to remain silent|
= to speak in a low voice
To prick (up) one's ears
= to make an effort to hear
"Lend me your ears..."
= be careful and attentive...
2) The different ways of "crying":
|To cry out|| = Scream, shout (in terror or pain).|
|To scream||= Make a loud, sharp cry.|
|To shout|| = Cry loudly and vigorously|
|To shriek||= Make a loud, sharp, shrill cry.|
|To shrill||= Make a high-pitched shrill cry.|
|To screech||= Make a harsh, shrill cry.|
|To yell||= Scream with pain and fright. (GB)|
|To holler||= Shout, yell. (US)|
3) .... and the different ways of listening....
To eavesdrop= to spy, to listen
in a very indiscreet way.
To overhear= to spy,but alsoto hear inadvertently.
A muffler/ a silencer (weapon)
= a device to deaden a noise
To be hard of hearing
= to hear very badly...
= an electronic amplifier
To be deaf/ hearing-impaired
= totally hearing-impaired
They are made to help you hear ( besides the above mentioned "hearing aid").
| || |
| A microphone|| A (loud-)speaker|| Hearing aids|
4) We are disturbed by a multitude of varied noises...
I've picked the verbs which are most frequently met in conversation and which can be very useful... There are many others but those need to be known by more advanced learners.
| To ring (tel. alarm clock)|| To jingle (bells)|
= make a harsh shrill noise
|To clink (for glasses, bottles, crockery) || To crunch= to break noisily|
To sizzle= to make
a hissing sound, like frying
| || |
To grind one's teeth
| To whistle || To snore|
| To wail= to express sorrow with a long cry ...|| To moan= a low sad or miserable cry...|
To groan= to make
a low, mournful sound.
The vocabulary expressing metallic sounds is extremely varied: To rattle, to clang, to crash, to jangle, to jingle, to clunk, to rumble. You need a good dictionary to explain and choose the particular meaning of each verb that you'd like to use.
... and, of course, there are the sounds made by water...
| || || |
| Lapping waves|| To gurgle|| A babbling brook|
Well, well ! That's a lot of difficult vocabulary ... I'm sorry ! You know, I've spared a lot of words which were not as used as those ones... Will you pardon me? Good luck anyway!
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