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Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #114021: Adjectives in -ed or in -ing
Adjectives in -ed or in -ing
There is a frequent mistake which may have amusing consequences: it's the confusion between the two forms of adjectives ending with –ed or with –ing.
Making such a mistake, most of the time, you end up saying the exact opposite of what you were thinking...
1) TO BE + verbal adjective + -ed = passive meaning: the action is endured and the sentence is in the passive form.
- Jimmy looks bored. You should give him something to do.(= Jimmy is bored)
- Paula was quite embarrassed when she realised the blunder she had made. (= Paula was embarrassed)
EMBARRASSED DONE EXCITED
2) TO BE + verbal adjective + -ing= active meaning: the action is taking place at the moment of the narration. (progressive aspect).
- I can understand Jimmy: having nothing to do is quite boring! (doing nothing is a boring situation).
- Paula was right! Making such a blunder was really embarrassing! (Making such a blunder is really embarrasing for Paula.)
EMBARRASSING KNOCKING SURPRISING
Well ! This is both very short and easy... I'm sure the test will be a real success for you!
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