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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #120225: Vocabulary: ecology, protected species
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Animals | Nature [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Animals (video) - Animals - In the sea - Animals & insects - Animals and pictures - Animals - Fruit-trees - In the garden-vocabulary
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    Vocabulary: ecology, protected species


    I'm sorry that, after the dreadful moments many countries have gone through in the last few weeks or months, I will deal with the "climate" again, with catastrophes, with future generations in danger,  with animals (huge ones or tiny ones ) which might be condemned to vanish... Yet, I fear some might grow weary of the topic or that others might be irritated... 

    I'm not careless and disconnected to nature, but I'm not an inconditional ecologist either... but I'm firmly decided to do my best in order to take on my share to Save our Planet. Therefore, here is what you need to read, and understand about this subject perhaps even to express your point of view.  





    What's an ecosystem?

    An ecosystem includes all of the living things (plants, animals and organisms) in a given area, interacting with each other, and also with their non-living environments (weather, earth, sun,soil, climate, atmosphere) ... In an ecosystem, each organism has its role to play. An ecosystem usually contains many different kinds of life. It also includes nonliving materials—for example, water, rocks, soil, and sand. 

    Anytime a stranger (living thing or external factor) is introduced to an ecosystem, it can be disastrous to it. The "intruder" can distort the natural balance of the interactio and damage or destroy this system. At present, and more insidiously for the latest decades our planet Earth has been showing its suffering; our climate, in all latitudes reminds us that man is THE predator. We thought that nature was available and free to serve us and feed us, a lot, always more, whatever the means used. 

    It's high time we helped nature to restore its balance. We must take actions to mitigate the damages which are harmful to nature. The following link will enable you to see how Great Britain is trying to act: 


     The environment  Environmental 
     The ecosystem An ecologist 
     Ecological  Conservation 
     To conserve/ preserve   A conservationist 
     To damage To destroy
     The climate change Global warming
     Greenhouse effect Concentration of carbon dioxide 
     Landslides Depletion of ozone layer
     Freshwater The ripple effect 
     The protection of beauty spots           A clean-up campaign             



                The first thing to do is clean up our environment to enable verges, brooks and ditches to play their roles...


    How can you help preserve threatened species and the environment? 

    - Engage with the conservation community.

    - Support those who fight against poaching and poachers

    - Donations for injured animals

    - Support high profile campaigns

    - Visit National Parks but stay away from zoos and parks where animals are exploited 

    Stop purchasing illegal wildlife parts and products

    - Try to reduce our carbon footprint 


     To survive  Survival 
     To be threatened with   Extinction 
     A species/ species  To be disastrous to 
     An endangered species   Extinct 
     An extant taxa (a taxon=> 2 taxa) Extinct taxa (= groups)
     Seal Whale
     Blubber The food chain        
     To poach A poacher
     A predator A prey
     Ivory A mammal 
     Sustainable development               Carbon footprint                         


    Iconic species such as rhinos, tigers, and elephants could face extinction in our lifetime. 


                                   Endangered species                                                Threatened with extinction

    Keeping animals captive in cages or zoos, circuses, aquariums and parks where they are put on show and deprived of liberty, is no satisfactory solution to help endangered species. Besides, if we continue to emit greenhouse gases at the same rate as today, then by 2050 one million species across the globe are likely to vanish.  Let's simply remember that: “WILD ANIMALS BELONG IN THE WILD.”

    As for our Earth, its ressources aren't inexhaustible and we have to keep it clean and bountiful for ourselves and the future generations. We must adopt a proactive approach to mitigating and adapting to climate change. 

    Climate change is the biggest issue there is, the biggest threat to our economy, environment, health, way of life, our world and our future.


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    1. What is now called ' ' is a long-term rise in the average temperature of the Earth’s climate system, and the worldwide surface temperature increases.

    2. is planned to satisfy the needs of present populations without compromising the ability of future generations.

    3. Years ago, we were told that the was the first sign of the suffering of our planet. Now we know there are many others.

    4. We shouldn’t use as if it were an unlimited resource;

    5. Around 2010, many killed elephants for the of their tusks. Elephants are now better protected, but still hunted...

    6. The extreme impacts of climate change on the Arctic are turning the polar bear into an .

    7. Some animals, such as , are near extinction.

    8. Among all the in ecosystems, human beings are really the worst ones because they destroy and kill without needing it.



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