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Adjectives and adverbs
Adjectives are describing words. They tell you more about nouns.
a young boy a nice girl this mouse is small my dog is brown
Adverbs are words that modify a verb (ad-verb; ad: near)
adverbs often answer three questions : How? When? Where?
Tom drives slowly we know 'how' he drives (drive:verb)
It rained yesterday we know 'when' it rained (rain: verb)
Jim is falling downstairs we know 'where' he is falling (fall: verb)
adverbs can also modify an adjective or another adverb:
It is too cold! (cold: adj) He speaks very quickly (quickly: adv)
ADVERBS ending with the suffix -ly
---- Adverbs are often formed by adding ly to an adjective
slow => slowly beautiful => beautifully
Tom has a slow car (adj) so he drives slowly (adv)
This bird is beautiful and it sings beautifully
easy easily change y to i and add -ly
terrible terribly drop 'le' before adding 'ly'
terrific terrifically for adjectives ending in 'ic' add 'ally'
due duly silent 'e' is dropped in 'true' 'due ' 'whole'
- - - - - - - - - - - - -
tip: not all words ending in -ly are used as adverbs:
friendly, kindly and lonely are adjectives as well.
----there are some important exceptions:
low low that plane's flying too low
hard hard 'hardly' is not the abverb from hard, it means 'not much'
he can hardly walk
late late 'lately' is not the adverb from late, it means 'recently'
have you been doing anything interesting lately
good well the adverb form of good is well
Youki is a good dog / Sarah is a good student
I do not feel very well / Sarah is doing well at college
---- do not use 'very' with adjectives like excellent , extremely, fantastic
( if something is excellent or perfect there is nothing better, so you can't say very excellent or very perfect)
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