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    Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #40760: Adjectives and adverbs
    > Other English exercises on the same topics: Adjectives | Adverbs [Change theme]
    > Similar tests: - Comparative of superiority - Adjective and preposition - Order of adjectives - Superlative + and adjective - Adjectives-ing and ed - Adjectives and adverbs - Adverbs of frequency - Superlative
    > Double-click on words you don't understand


    Adjectives and adverbs


    I) ADJECTIVES

    Adjectives are describing words. They tell you more about nouns.

                          

    a young boy          a nice girl        


                                

     This mouse is small.     My dog is brown.



    II) ADVERBS

    Adverbs are words that modify a verb.   (ad-verb; ad: near)

    Adverbs often answer three questions :    How?      When?     Where?


        Tom drives slowly.      We know 'how' he drives.     (drive:verb)

         It rained yesterday.      We know 'when' it rained.    (rain: verb)


      Jim is falling downstairs.   We know 'where' he is falling.   (fall: verb)


    Adverbs can also modify an adjective or another adverb:

       It is too cold!   (cold: adj)         
        He speaks
    very quickly.  (quickly: adv)

     ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

      

    ADVERBS ending with the suffix -ly

    ----  Adverbs are often formed by adding ly to an adjective:

    slow => slowly    //    beautiful => beautifully

      Tom has a slow car   (adj)      so he drives slowly.   (adv)

            This bird is beautiful and it sings beautifully.





    adjective                         
    adverb

    nice                                  nicely

    serious                             seriously

    careful                              carefully

    loud                                   loudly

    quick                                 quickly

    easy                                  easily              change y to i and add -ly

    happy                               happily     

    terrible                             terribly             drop 'le' before adding 'ly'

    horrible                            horribly  

    terrific                             terrifically            for adjectives ending in 'ic' add 'ally'

    economic                        economically

    due                                  duly                        silent 'e' is dropped in 'true'   'due ' 

    - - - - - - -                          - - - - - -

     tip:  not all words ending in -ly are used as adverbs:

               friendly, kindly and lonely are adjectives as well.                    

    ----there are some important exceptions :

    adjective                          adverb

    fast                                  fast

    early                                early

    low                                   low                  that plane's flying too low

    hard                                 hard          'hardly' is not the abverb from hard, it means 'not much'

                                                              He can hardly walk.

    late                                 late               'lately' is not the adverb from late, it means 'recently'

                                                                                    have you been doing anything interesting lately

    good                              well               The adverb form of good is "well".

                                                             Youki is a good dog.   /   Sarah is a good student.

                                                             I do not feel very well.  /   Sarah is doing well at college.

     

    ---- do not use 'very' with adjectives like excellent, extremely, fantastic

    (if something is excellent or perfect there is nothing better, so you can't say very excellent or very perfect).





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    1.
    Tom is a boy. He climbed up the ladder .
    2.
    Bob sings . He is a singer.
    3.
    Have you seen that film 'A Quiet Man' ? John Wayne acted .
    He and his partner were actors
    4.
    Your room is a complete mess. I want you to tidy it up .
    Sorry, I can't do it in the future, I am very busy.
    5.
    Mark is very good at languages. He learns English .
    He thinks English is an language.
    6.
    My brother has bought a car.
    My mother is not pleased at all because he drives it very .







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